Monday, December 19, 2011

India's child labour -- down from 90.75 lakh to 49.84 lakh

When a member during Question Hour in Lok Sabha on Monday whether India is doing anything to meet with the International Labour Organisation (ILO) convention 82 of 199 with regard to child labour, minister for labour Mallikarjun Kharge informed the House that according to Indian Constitution child defined as someone who is below 14, and the Indian child labour laws are in conformity with requirement. According to the ILO convention, any one below age 18 comes under the child labour law. Kharge said that it would not be possible for India to meet the ILO requirement because that would have an impact on the Indian socio-economic structure.
IN answer to another question about whether the government had any time frame to reduce child labour in India, the minister cited the National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO) figures. According to 2004-2005 NSS figures, the child labour figure stood at 90.75 lakh and in the 2009-2010 it came down to 49.84 lakh, which is a 45 per cent reducition.
The mnister also said of of the 19 crore school-going population, 18 crore are in school and 81 lakh are not in.

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